Having studied Urology,
Dr. Catalona has been trained
to diagnose and treat various disorders and diseases relating to the urinary tracts of both men and women, and on the reproductive system in males. Dr. Catalona can provide treatment for various types of diseases and disorders including urinary tract infections, kidney stones and incontinence, among others.
Urology is a medical specialty that provides care for diseases of the urinary tract in both men and women, as well as reproductive health in men (gynecologists provide care for reproductive health in women). Physicians that practice urology, known as urologists, are trained to provide both surgical and non-surgical care. Within urology, there are many subspecialties, including pediatric urology, urologic oncology (cancer of the male reproductive system), male infertility and neurourology, among others.
Urologists are trained to provide care for the genitourinary tract, which includes the kidneys, bladder and genital structures in both sexes, as well as the testicles and prostate in men. Patients of all ages may see the urologists for a variety of symptoms including difficulties in emptying the bladder, incontinence, discomfort during urination, blood in the urine, complications involving intercourse. Urologists employ a variety of tests and diagnostic procedures when diagnosing patients. These include BPH symptom score questionnaires, digital rectal examinations (DREs), urinalyses (urine tests), abdominal or renal ultrasounds, bladder biopsies, cystoscopies, kidney-ureter bladder X-rays and urodynamic testing, among other procedures.
After arriving at a diagnosis, the urologist has a variety of surgical and non-surgical treatment procedures and techniques at his/her disposal. Depending upon the precise diagnosis and the patient’s health, the urologist will craft a personalized treatment plan. For example, if kidney stones are detected, the urologist may employ lithotripsy, percutaneous stone removal, ureteroscopy or open surgery. Each treatment plan will vary from one patient to the next.